Answer the two questions. Be sure to answer all parts of the questions, identifying each individual segment of each response by its number and letter: for example, 1a, 1b, etc.
If possible use the following as a reference: Drugs, Society, and Human Behavior, 12th ed., by Charles Ksir, Carl L. Hart, and Oakley Ray (Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2008).

Question 2
a. Differentiate between a diagnosis of fetal alcohol effect (FAE) and fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).
b. If an infant is born to a drinking mother without any observable evidence of abnormal development, can we conclude that there was no detrimental impact of alcohol during the gestational period? Explain.
c. Develop a sound rationale against the ingestion of any alcohol during pregnancy, or develop an argument in support of permitting occasional ingestion of a small amount of alcohol during pregnancy.

Question 3
a. Discuss the rationales for and against viewing alcohol dependence as a disease.
b. Discuss the importance of cognitive factors and genetic factors in explaining why some people can drink in moderation and others become dependent on alcohol. Weigh the evidence supporting each of these two ideas.
c. Develop a series of insightful, reasoned statements reflecting your views on the effectiveness of current DUI laws, with specific reference to the behavioral impact of alcohol at various blood alcohol levels.