Psychology regards learning as any relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of
experience. In textbook chapter 7 Myers focuses on learning by association (otherwise known as
conditioning). In this essay address the following questions: Conditioning is defined as “learning
by association.” What is meant by “learning by association?? Classical conditioning and
operant conditioning are both examples of learning by association. Compare and contrast the two
types of conditioning. In what ways are the two processes alike and in what ways are they
different? Discuss how research findings regarding observational learning, cognitive processes,
and biological factors have changed the way we have come to think about conditioning?