?Title of Paper? Technology in Nursing: Impacting Medication Administration

On the next page, go to the Abstract
Abstract: I have done this and it is enclosed below:
Nursing, under new standards, is taking steps toward technical development by initiating hi-tech systems for medication administration. Some of the technologies currently accepted for medication administration are computerized physician order entry (CPOE), electronic medication administration record (eMAR), bar-coding technology, automated dispensing cabinets, and smart intravenous infusion pumps. For successful implementation of these systems there is a need for collaboration between specific departments within the health care system. The topics in this paper will be reviewing these computerized systems and the effect it has on medication administration and nursing practice. Since medication administration is a significant entity to nursing care, it is important to enable the nurse to provide it safely and accurately. Even though nursing continues to face obstacles as we execute these technologies, there is supporting evidence to show these efforts are worthwhile. These tools will be an integral part of nursing care therefore nurses should embrace these changes now and in the future.
Keywords: technology, nursing informatics, medication administration

I have done this and enclosed below:
Integrating advances in technology with nursing practice is gradually becoming prevalent. Recently, the government is driving health care facilities to transform their traditional method of medication administration to an electronic process (Federico, 2010). According to the Joint Commission (2008), these technologies are being put in place to enhance the delivery of care to patients as a part of the National Hospital Safety Goals. Since nursing has such a significant role in the medicating process, nurses are now assisting with the structure of these innovative developments in the health care facilities (Culler, 2010). Although there is different technology used for improving nursing care (Turisco & Rhoads, 2008), this paper will review five clinical electronic methods accepted for medication administration and their associated barriers and advantages to the healthcare setting. In addition, this topic will discuss how medication administration technology is impacting the world of nursing now and in the future.

This is your main topic area ?give it a name related to what you are describing such as:
Ergonomics or Telehealth;
-What I have chosen is Medication Changes with Technology
I have some ideas already enclosed if you just can go into detail specifically how it relates to nursing:
Medication Administration Technology
Medication administration is a task that must be completed accurately and effectively to ensure patient safety. Dr. Ronda Hughs and Dr. Mary Blegen (2008), who currently work for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, explain the steps for medication administration. The steps consist of ordering or prescribing, transcribing, supplying, administering, and monitoring. Medication administration technology was introduced with the attempt to reduce errors and cost issues related to the use of paper charting traditionally used in healthcare (Hidle, 2007). In order of these steps, there will be a detailed review of five clinical electronic systems that correlates with this process: computerized physician/prescriber order entry (CPOE), electronic medication administration record (eMAR), bar-coding technology, automated dispensing cabinets, and smart intravenous (I.V.) pumps.
Bar-Coding Technology
Automated Dispensing Cabinets (ADC)
Smart IV Pump

Impacting Nursing Practice
Technology is a growing implementation to nursing development. Since Nursing is a major part of the medicating process and the nurses are held accountable for their performance. The ultimate goal the nurse tries to achieve when doing the task of medication administration is delivery that is safe and accurate. There are many levels to medication administration, which makes it a difficult task to accomplish.

After reviewing this method of care, studies show that there are a number of advantages to using this technology for medication administration. All of these combined systems have the potential to decrease the chance of error, improve quality of care, and



Topic Availability
I have done this and enclosed below:
Technology in nursing is a very broad topic since there are a number of avenues one can take. It was less overwhelming when it was condensed to technology used for medication administration. There was an abundance of articles that associated medication administration to medication errors. Unfortunately, that was not the goal in choosing this topic. The search continued with other keywords such as nursing informatics, implementation, and medication administration and found relating articles that were relevant to this topic. There were a total of sixteen combined articles and peer reviews that conveyed the contents needed to research this to medication administration for nursing practice. In addition, reviewing the guidelines applied by The Joint Commission and the healthcare policies linked to approving these technologies.

Information Availability
If you choose to write about a technology, standardized languages, or documentation practices, indicate whether or not the resources that you found were geared only toward professionals, or were there sections of information to help consumers understand their role in health care delivery and how the nurse (or any other health care professional) for that matter might use it).

Personal Views
Here write what your personal thoughts of the technology, standardized language and the benefits or drawbacks of your NI Topic to either nursing practice or the discipline of nursing. These would include any strengths or weaknesses that you read about in the literature. Bring in some personal examples, if this would be helpful, but remember to use third person voice when possible, however, second or first person can be used sparingly if you are describing a personal example. Two examples of how that might be written would be: ?Professional organizations have the potential to promote the important issues of nursing, however, the collective bargaining activities that take place can be perceived as contradictory to professional practice?? or ? Documentation is a critical component in the work of a nurse, however, the nurses on the unit where I am employed often spend up to 40% of their time documenting, not caring for patients.?

Write here a summary of what you learned about your NI Topic and its relevance to the ?betterment? or ?harm? to the practice of nursing, the profession of nursing, and even the future of nursing.

**Note that the paper topics have become the headings in the paper. Check your APA book for correct format. **

All references should be placed here using APA style. That is basically in an alphabetical order according to the author?s last name. Check the correct APA for Web sites. You should list your materials from your annotated bibliography. Do not include the annotation, just the citation. Also include your texts and any other materials you used in the preparation of this paper, but only if they are cited in the body of the paper.

This is the information I have already: I have already used some of these in my writing:
Hurley, A. C., Bane, A., Fotakis, S., Duffy, M. E., Sevigny, Poon, E., et al (2007) Nurses’ Satisfaction With Medication Administration Point-of-Care Technology. The Journal of Nursing Administration. Volume 37, No 7/8, pp 343-349.

Culler, Steven., Jose, James, Koler,Susan, Rask, Kimberly (2011) Nurses’ Perception and Experiences with the Implementation of a Medication Administration System, CIN:Computers, Informatics, Nursing, Volume 25 No.5 280-288 retrieved from EBSCOhost

Elias, B. L., & Moss, J. A. (2011). Smart Pump Technology: What We Have Learned. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing, TC61-TC67 retrieved from EBSCOhost

Poon, E., Keohane, C., Bane, A., Feathersone, E., Hays, B., Dervan, A., et al. (2008). Impact of Barcode Medication Administration Technology on How Nurses Spend Their Time Providing Patient Care. The Journal of Nursing Administration, 541-549. retrieved from CINAHL

Sensmeier, J. (2008, November). United front: Nurses and pharmacists. Retrieved October 18, 2011, from Pharmacy Solutions:

Hidle, U. (2008). Impementing technology to improve medication safety in healthcare facilities: A literature review. Journal of New York State Nurses Association, 4-9. retrieved from CINAHL

Federico, F. (2010, September). Pharmacy Solutions Extra: An Overview of Error Reduction Options. Retrieved October 22, 2011, from IT Solutions: www.nursing