please answer to the questions using 200words per question
please use the 2 attachment as source mandatory please find other 2 sources reliable for a total of 4

1. Who is a nonresident tax payer?
2. What is the alternative tax regime and which tax payers are subject to it?
3. Discuss how residency is determined for tax purposes?
4. how do tax treaties affect the taxation of nonresident aliens?
5. Discuss options on how a client could maximize the use of foreign tax credit.

6. Describe a withholding agent?s liabilities and obligations.

7. When is a transfer of property to a foreign trust subject to US tax?

8. Discuss how a client could optimize the use of QDOT.